Originally posted 26 Mar 2013.
The following information is provided as a sample of material presented in DTG’s “Neighborhood Protection Planning & Execution” training classes. The principles described herein may be applied in urban, suburban, and rural settings.
PRINCIPLES OF TACTICAL DEFENSE
Any place your team stops for any reason or is placed with the objective of holding its position is comprised of, and surrounded by, something called, “Vital Ground.”
It’s vital because of several reasons, the first two are: A: You are on it and you are vital to the mission, and B: The area itself is vital to the overall mission of your team, neighborhood or command and control structure.
Before we get to the into the ‘meat’ of the subjecti, it must be clearly understood that ground vital to the defense of your position includes any position from which your enemy can overlook, bring fire to bear, or mount an attack from upon the area which you are occupying or defending. Land features that are considered vital ground include, but are not limited to:
- Densely wood areas
- Prominent features such as water towers, sky scrapers, multi-story homes in open country, etc.
METT-C dependent, vital ground located outside of your Area of Operations (AO) may require constant observation by one or more Observation Posts (OP’s) or physical occupation or other area denial methods at your disposal. A Neighborhood Protection Team, a Militia or other Civilian Indigenous Defense units usually do not have enough members to occupy and hold all vital ground, and must, therefore, have plans to re-occupy or re-take vital ground if lost to an enemy and a subsequent opportunity presents itself and such action helps achieve the overall mission objective. That said, this discussion on tactical defense will limit itself to the principles of a variable strength active team from four to 21 members requiring a secure location for a defined period of time. Note, also, please, that these principles should be tightly woven into your team’s battle drills so much so that anytime you’re training or operating, the employment of these principles become second nature. Simply, doing so increases the probability of staying alive should the time ever come when you must apply what you’ve learned.