Monthly Archives: November 2014

Training the Trainer: Basic Lesson Plan Construction

field instruction


Here’s a basic format for lesson plan construction.  The instructor can modify as necessary to meet the Desired Learning Outcome (DLO).  Keep in mind the level of learning you have in mind when writing your lesson (very simple explanation follows as an example):

  • Knowledge – Data in – data out:  The student should be able to perform simple tasks or recite simple facts.  Example:  When did Columbus sail the ocean blue?  Answer:  In 1492
  • Comprehension – Understanding the relationship between facts or the reason for an order of task performance.  Example:  Before the smoke grenade is thrown, the pin must be pulled out of its position, otherwise, the smoke grenade will not ignite.
  • Application – Taking learned concepts, translating to action, and successfully performing a given task or tasks.  Example:  Understanding wind direction impacxt on smoke effectiveness, positioning properly to deploy the smoke effectively, pulling the pin, and throwing it to the most advantageous spot without error.

This outline is not hard and fast, either.  As long as the LP is comprehensible by another instructor, the format itself is not as important.  In other words, if you are This is only one of many out there that are effective.


 Lesson Objective & Performance Requirement: List the Task, Condition & Standard of Performance here. Example: “Given a #2 Pencil, a sheet of lined paper, an eraser, and the requirements to place their legal name on the paper, each student will legibly block print their full legal name on the top line of the paper in 5 minutes with no error.” 

Introduction (15 minutes)

Attention Step (Optional – Instructors May Supply Their Own) This can be anything related to the subject to draw the students’ attention to the instructor and/or subject. Example below indicates a series of questions. 

  • Question: What is camouflage?
  • Question: What is the purpose of concealment?
  • Question: Can concealment from camouflage provide cover?
  • Question: Can cover provide camouflage and concealment?

The Attention Step typically includes a motivation statement that provides the students a reason to pay attention and learn the subject, or why it’s important to them.


 Tell them what you are going to tell them: Typically by listing the main points of the lesson


(Time in hours)


Transitional Question: Focus the students on the main subject by asking an overhead or rhetorical question. 

  1. Main Point 1 – Use as many main points as necessary to fully cover the lesson to the knowledge level desired or required. 
  2. Main Point 2 
    • Sub Point A – Each main point may have as many Sub and Supporting Material Points as necessary. Various supporting information from recognized sources and/or personal experience or examples are what these points are drawn from.
    • Sub Point B  
      • Supporting Material Point a:
      • Supporting Material Point b: 

Student Exercise & Evaluation: Briefly describe the method/manner used to evaluate student proficiency in the subject. Methods range from 100% task performance observance to ‘by exception evaluation’, evaluating only those students who do not seem to grasp the task or concept.


(15 Minutes)


Tell the class what they just learned in general terms, citing specific examples from random main, sub, and supporting points. Ask the class if there are any questions, and provide general synopsis answers.



 Dismissal statement.

Today’s Public Service Announcement: NPP Planning Essentials



When constructing your Neighborhood Protection Plan, keep the following in mind at all times:

  • Understand what can be planned and what cannot be planned
  • Never have a plan depend upon a single assumption
  • Always keep in mind that most plans don’t survive initial contact with OPFOR – be flexible
  • Never assume OPFOR will fight the way you do
  • Getting through the OODA Loop faster than your opponent provides a distinct advantage: The Initiative
  • The war for your NPAO, like all other wars, will be waged at three levels: Physical, Moral, and Mental
    • Moral is the strongest – Resolve and steadfast belief in your cause
    • Physical is the weakest – OPFOR might outnumber your NPT
    • Mental is in between – Work to plan, train, and fight smarter than OPFOR

About That ‘Global Warming’….

So…you know how to function in winter, yes? Back in the 70’s, the scientific community was announcing, “The Coming Ice Age”….nobody read their papers.  Now?  Might behoove people to do so….

ice on the lakes

Ice is already starting to develop on Michigan’s Great Lakes. This is the earliest ice on some of the Great Lakes in at least 40 years.

According to the Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, on November 20, 2014, Three of Michigan’s Great Lakes had ice starting to form. Lake Superior and Lake Michigan were one-half percent ice covered, while Lake Huron had one percent ice. Lake Erie was not reporting any ice as of Nov. 20, 2014.

Decent early season ice coverage records date back to 1973. Last Friday was the earliest date that all three Great Lakes already had ice since the better reporting of early season ice began.

Lake Superior actually had ice forming on November 15th of this year. That is the earliest ice on Lake Superior in the good data set.

Lakes Superior, Michigan and Huron had ice 10 days earlier this year than last year.

Lake Superior only had five and a half months without any ice on the lake.

Here’s what Lake Michigan looked like in February 2014.

Training the Trainer: Lesson Plans – A Cornerstone of Effective Teaching

AF classroom

Throughout my time in the teaching and training business in the military, the civilian business world, and the ‘preparedness/liberty’ community, I’ve met people who don’t believe in using lesson plans, or don’t believe in updating their lesson plans, or worse yet, don’t practice evaluating the validity of their lesson plans (does it teach what it’s supposed to teach – meaning, does it provide the information to the student and does the student reach the Desired Learning Objective (DLO) at the end of the class/course.

I have no scientific evidence to back up my assertion, but I really believe this occurs because of a number of factors:

  • The common misconception that ‘good’ instructors teach from rote memory exclusively
  • Mediocre reading/comprehension skills
  • Misunderstanding of the importance of having accurate class information immediately available (especially for the unseasoned instructor)
  • Inability to ‘boil down’ source information from various outlets on the entire subject
  • Poor to mediocre writing skills
  • Lack of formal training in ‘How to Teach’

That’s quite an indictment, but from what I’ve seen, it’s fairly accurate in general terms.  Now, make no mistake:   There are instructors out there who are so intelligent that before they teach a class, they can scan a lesson plan, review the source material for 30 minutes, and walk into a class that will take 3 days to teach and never crack a book.  I’ve known some instructors like this, truly.  Unfortunately, that’s not the case in the main.

So, those of us who don’t achieve, ‘genius instructor’ level are left to use tools to get us and our  students through the Plan of Instruction (POI).  The primary battle rifle of teaching is the lesson plan.  Your side arm, if you will, are the source documents used to provide detailed information for the lesson outline.  Lesson plans allow you to have free flowing interaction (depending on the design of the class in question) with the students, and if you know the material (which is essential to effective teaching), you can glance at your LP from time to time to ensure you’re on track both information and time wise (time management is also an important factor in effective teaching/training).

Note the stock photo above of an Air Force academic classroom.  The instructor definitely has a LP to refer to during the class.   The people who teach/train in the military attend numerous schools to sharpen their ability to impart information; that’s one of the reasons our .mil folks are so good at what they do:  They are taught everything they know in the most efficient and precise manner possible.

Now, we, as civilian NPT trainers, can’t attend these schools because they won’t let us in, and we most likely can’t afford the cost anyway.  But we can study and learn how to develop effective lesson plans and use them during training.

Next time, constructing a basic lesson plan.

Denninger: There is No Longer a Rule of Law


Add Karl’s opinion to what’s been promised to happen in Ferguson here, underscored by the POTUS telling protester’s to ‘Stay the course…’ and one could easily come to the conlusion that the title of his post is now fact.  Got preps?  Got training?  Joined the III Percent Society for America yet (might be the best ten bucks a month you’ve spent in decades)?


This clown needs impeachment — now.

This is not an option for the House. Any President who willfully and wantonly refuses to faithfully execute the laws of this nation must be impeached and removed from office. It is a duty of the Congress, not an option that Congress has.

Tonight you heard Obama appeal over a young girl who “came here” and is a great student. He quoted scripture (not that I believe he has ever actually read it.) We all know Presidents don’t write their own speeches in the modern day, at least we do if we have a brain in our heads.

To declare that the law will not be enforced on a blanket basis for huge groups of people because the President disagrees with the Congress — which has the absolute right to set immigration policy — is a complete stick in the eye to any premise of The Rule of Law that you might believe remains.

I note that to refuse to decide is still a decision, and Congress is within its rights to do exactly that. Congress has no imperative to pass anything; it acts through absence of legislation more often than it legislates, in point of fact, and this is exactly what the founders intended — and how all Constitutional Republics that are functional operate.

I find it particularly galling that Obama cited the “innocent” child who was “caught up” in the illegal acts of his or her parents. Not only does he propose to shield the “innocent child” he also proposes to shield the actual lawbreakers, the parents, themselves as well!

This is tantamount to endorsing the taking of hostages in the form of children to force the government to grant both of you amnesty. What you should get as an adult for doing this is prison time — first for your lawless act, and then again for taking you child hostage and using him or her in this fashion. That latter act ought to be a felony, standing alone.

But tonight Obama instead celebrates it.

Well, tell that to the actual innocent people who have had their property stolen under “civil forfeiture” yet they’re never charged. Double standard? It’s worse than that — it’s just a complete absence of anything that could be called The Rule of Law at all — it’s not even vestigal in the United States any more.

So here you go folks — if the Congress will not immediately impeach, and you know they won’t, then they’re going along with it. And that means that there is not just a lawless President in Washington DC there are 536 lawless individuals and their minions comprising the entirety of the executive and legislative branches that have decided that THERE IS NO MORE RULE OF LAW IN AMERICA.

We’ve seen literal hundreds of examples over the last few years and I’ve written about many.

My only remaining point of amazement is that this nation’s citizens are willing to put up with it.


Got Preps? Got Skills? In Ferguson, it might just be a taaaad too late! You, on the other hand, can still do something for your family….


On a “St. Louis Coptalk” forum, a supposed Ferguson-area officer posted a chilling warning about what he expects to happen in Ferguson, Vocativ reported.

“If you do not have a gun, get one and get one soon. We will not be able to protect you or your family,” he wrote. “It will be your responsibility to protect them. Our gutless commanders and politicians have neutered us. I’m serious, get a gun, get more than one, and keep one with you at all times.”

Ferguson 2

The man’s identity as a police officer could not be independently confirmed.

The FBI also reportedly issued an intelligence bulletin recently warning that the grand jury’s decision “will likely be exploited by some individuals to justify threats and attacks against law enforcement and critical infrastructure.”

“This also poses a threat to those civilians engaged in lawful or otherwise constitutionally protected activities,” the bulletin said.

Interesting Times: Got NPT?


St. Louis area schools and townships are warning residents to stock up on water, food and medicine before the Mike Brown court decision.

Local officials fear a violent response to the St. Louis County Court’s decision.

Over three dozen businesses were vandalized and looted during the Ferguson rioting in August.

The City of Berkeley, near Ferguson, released this statement warning residents to stock up on water, food and medicine before the verdict is announced.

*Make sure you have plenty of bottled water (a gallon per person per day), and non-perishable, easy-to-access food in case you cannot get to a local store for a few days.


City Notice for Preps

Grand Jury