One thing almost universal to any disaster or emergency is a lack of immediate resources. You typically have many people in immediate need but few medical resources or trained personnel available to handle the flood of wounded. For cases like this, the concept of “triage” was invented. Essentially, it is a strategy for resource allocation to maximize the number of people who survive by identifying the scale of wounds for each person and deciding when they get treated based on the severity of the damage. Someone with a few bruises might be sent off to lie down unattended so that you can provide limited antibiotics and painkillers to someone whose leg was torn off by an explosion for example. The controversy of triage, of course is that some people are deliberately denied treatment because the resources at hand cannot help them to survive. The people already dead, with lethal doses of radiation or large body burns, are left to die in order to save those who actually have a hope of living.
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