Monthly Archives: December 2013

Wall Street Advisor Recommends Preps for Economic Collapse…..

When ‘main stream’ wall street advisors recommend ‘being prepared’, it should give one pause to consider that time left to do so might not be indefinite….

Need training?  We’ve got what you need…..

Scout rifle

Sample grafs:

“I, along with many other economists, agree with many of the concerns expressed in these dire warnings. The growing debt and deficit spending is a tax on those holding dollars. The devaluation in the U.S. dollar risks the dollar’s status as the reserve currency of the world. Obamacare was the worst legislation in the past 75 years. Socialism is on the rise and the NSA really is abrogating vast portions of the Constitution. I don’t disagree with their concerns,” he wrote.

In his latest note, he said that Americans should have a survival kit to take in case of a financial or natural disaster. It should be filled with items that will help them stay alive for the first 72-hours of a crisis, including firearms.

“A bug-out bag is a good idea depending on where you live even if the emergency is just power outages, earthquakes and hurricanes. And with your preparedness you will be equipped to help others who might be in need,” he wrote. “Be prepared. Especially because it keeps you from being scared.”

REPOST: Night Vision – Often Overlooked; Rarely Practiced – Pt III

Originally posted 23 Sep 13.

Night Operations

While employing the concepts, principles, and techniques in Parts I and II, you must also concentrate on employing your hearing and sense of smell when maximizing your ability to discern shapes, movements, and so forth at night.  When you add hearing and sense of smell to effective night vision employment, you will find that you’re better equipped to operate during the hours of darkness by relying on 3 senses versus one.

Sound – Sound carries much farther at night than it does in the daylight hours.  Footsteps, material rubbing against foliage, sneezes, sniffs, whispers, weapons being chambered, safety levers being put on and taken off, poorly packed ruck sacks rattling (though muffled), careless walking, and many others, can give your enemy (and you) away long before they get to your position.  Silence truly is golden.  You will find when you want to listen that the sound of your breathing can interfere with your successful listening to a faint sound.   Employing the oriental method of directional listening (opening the mouth wide while cupping the ears) can help you by amplifying the sound you are trying to pin point (sounds corny, I know, but it does work, and was used extensively by the Japanese in WWII as well as other oriental military organizations).  The absence of sound can also be a warning to you.  “Nothin’s wrong except….nothin’s wrong….”  Small critters and bugs many times stop their natural night sounds when humans are moving in close proximity to their perches, roosts, and nests.  That’s why you might not hear anything as you take up a position, but within a relatively short amount of time, you begin to hear crickets, birds, squirrels, and such.  It’s not because they’re used to you.  It’s because you’re not moving and making noises they find abnormal.

Smell – Many times you’ll be dependent upon the prevailing wind, but at the same time, you can get a sense of how close your enemy is by the smell.  Couple your sense of smell with your hearing and your night vision techniques to provide the best radar system your body can muster.

You can do the following exercises on your own and see the differences proper preparation and good technique makes in your ability to see, hear, and smell at night. 

Preparation – Sit in a completely darkened room for 45 minutes to an hour (or with as little light as possible) starting at dusk or full dark.  No smoking, no light of any kind (flashlights, matches, etc) other than luminous dials on watches (if possible, cover the watch face).  Relax.  Use the bathroom prior to starting your darkness assimilation so there’s no break in the time you give your eyes to develop maximum visual purple.

Exercise –  On the first night, without preparation, go from your normal lighted conditions outside after dark and note what you can and cannot see (reference known as well as unknown objects).  The next night, after proper preparation, come out of the room to the outdoors and note any differences in how well you can see and how clear things seem to be.  Compare this later to your previous night’s observations.  If you have a training or ‘battle’ buddy, either one of you stay in place while the other walks a good distance away (variable as to your imagination for this exercise).  Demonstrate minimal light and noise discipline – have the in place person attempt to spot the other class members as they walk and whisper with and without light sources (cigarette coals, etc).   Change places and repeat, after allowing everyone’s night vision to maximize again.

Using False Horizons – To perform this exercise, you must have a dirt road, evenly colored street (asphalt or cement), a stream, or river to use as a false horizon.  Get in a low position so that you can see the false horizon as a solid ‘line’ in your vision.  Have your other person as quietly as possible attempt to get close to you while crossing the ‘false horizon’.  You may see that even extremely silent people can be spotted against the false horizon by an alert sentry/person.

Ideal Evaluation – Take half the group (4 people is a great starting number) as far away from the other half as the situation will reasonably allow (several hundred yards/meters is ideal) and have them remain silent.  Upon a given signal, the half of the group that left spread outs and makes various sounds such as “digging in” (if possible).  They should dig quietly as possible without talking much.  The half of the group that stayed in place is required to listen and attempt to fix the diggers position and move in without being discovered.  After completion, critique and switch roles and locations.

We’ve covered a lot of ground about how to use your eyes, ears, and nose.  What we’ve done may not be what you envisioned as “the fundamentals of night operations”, but without this foundation, all tactics are for naught.  You must be able to see what you are doing if you are to stay alive in a SHTF situation.  You must be able to know how sound travels and how it can get you killed or alert you to the presence of an enemy, and  you must know how to augment your sight and sound with the ability to detect scents that could be a warning that your enemy is extremely close by

Specifically, we covered:<

  • The limitations of the human eye, how your eyes work in daylight and at night, the time it takes to develop “visual purple” and the fraction of a second it takes to destroy it.
  • How your general health will impact your ability to see and hear at night and what high levels of nicotine, alcohol and caffeine will do to impair your ability to see and hear at night.
  • Methods with which to prepare yourself for night operations, different eye exercises you can do for your own comfort and stamina, how to see an object (that is, never look directly at it), why objects disappear (employing cones rather than rods to see) at night.
  • What a “false horizon” consists of and how to use it and how regular binoculars can increase your ability to see detail at night as well as first generation NVDs.
  • We also talked about considerations you have to make before you choose to, or not to, use eye protection at night and some of the pro’s and con’s.
  • We talked about the importance of combining your sense of hearing and smell to augment your night vision.

Lastly, we gave you the skeleton of an effective exercise so you could practice moving quietly on a position you discovered by listening for a known sound.

Remember, these exercises and skill evaluations are only limited by your imagination and the area you have to train in.

Have fun with it!

We’d like to hear how these go if you try them out, so don’t be shy about feedback.

REPOST: Night Vision – Often Overlooked; Rarely Practiced – Pt II

Originally posted 5 Sep 13.

Night Operations

So, which kind of light should you use at night? Most folks, including me, were raised on red lights at night. But as to the effectiveness of red light, it’s basically a myth that most likely started in a photographic dark room. Until about 1906, most photosentive material (plate, film and paper) was not very sensitive to red light. This insensitivity allowed these materials to be deal with for a relatively short time under a relatively bright red light. This was important to the vision of the photographers, because the human eye can see red if the level is bright enough. Much later, when L.E.D.s came on the scene (having a number of advantages over other light sources), they were economically only available in red for some time, and that has also helped to perpetuate the myth that red light is best.

As more research was done on the eye and how it sees, it was found that the rods (the structure responsible for low light vision) were also not very sensitive to red. It was assumed that like film, you could use red light, which is seen by red sensitive cones (there are also blue and green sensitive cones to give color vision) without affecting the rods.

The main issue in what is seen is the intensity of the light. Color is only an issue because the rrods (responsible for night vision) are most sensitive with a particular color.

And it’s not red.

It’s actually a blue-green (507nm) which is very similar to traffic light green or “TLG”(chosen for traffic lights for an entirely different reason, but I won’t digress).

Advantages of TLG:

– Blood is much more easily seen in TLG light, especially after it’s been exposed to oxygen. It is not so visible in red light.
– TLG does not make all red ink on maps and documents disappear when viewed with only red light.
– TLG does not damage night vision (ie, destroy visual purple).

So, consider getting yourself a TLG or bluish green lens cover for your flashlight. Do some experimentation with it. You’ll most likely find you have a new favorite night light color.

Now that we know what kind of light is best to use in low light, what can you do to become more adept at seeing at night?

Here’s a few techniques to maximize your night vision capability:

– Prepare to operate in darkness before doing so. Sit in a very dark room with little to no light whatsoever for 45 minutes to an hour before emerging into the darkness.
– While you’re in the dark waiting, you can perform a few simple exercises to reduce any eye strain you might have:
– Close your eyes tightly for 3-5 seconds then open them for the same time length. Do this 7 or 8 times.
– Sit and relax. Roll your eyes clockwise, then counter-clockwise. Do this half a dozen times and blink between each repetition.
– Focus on a distant object that you can make out in the dark room. If you’ve emerged in the dark already, focus on something 50m away for several seconds and then slowly refocus your eyes on a nearby object about 10m away . Do this about a half a dozen times.
NEVER look directly at an object. It will disappear on you.
– Look above, below, or right or left of an object.
– Get below what you are trying to see. Employ a ‘false horizon’ (strip of dirt, stream, asphalt road, trail, or anything that appears as a band/single shade back drop).
– If you think you’ll need your night vision for long periods, use standard binoculars over NVD’s. Once you use the NVD, you’ll be ‘blind as a bat’ in the eye you used until your eyes develop visual purple again. Trust me on this.
– Eye protection works. Get some good non-fog clear lenses. Not yellow. They don’t help you. Try to make sure they don’t affect your depth perception.

Next time: Maximizing Night Vision by Combining the Senses

REPOST: Night Vision Techniques – Often Overlooked; Rarely Practiced

Originally posted 28 Aug 13.

Night Operations


Not everyone has Night Observation/Vision Devices available to them….yet. Many seem to believe that without night vision, one can’t do anything once the sun goes down and therefore, if it’s dark, whoever the opponent is with the most NVD owns the night. When discussing from the perspective of protecting the home and local neighborhood, the subject sometimes is so overwhelming that the thought of operating without NVD’s, street lights, or other forms of artificial light almost paralyzes otherwise adequately trained people.

DTG holds a different view: Low tech can, and in many cases will, overcome high tech, so long as the practicioner understands what he or she must master in order to achieve that goal.

The foundation that every other technique and tactic necessary to overcome high tech is called and gain the initiative in low light conditions is called, ‘Night Vision Techniques’.

It’s routinely ignored in various training seminars and rarely practiced, if what one can glean from otherwise well-trained people say is factual.

DTG’s purpose in this installment is to provide a means with which you, the reader, can begin to build the skills and confidence necessary to turn technological disadvantage around.

As with all other perishable skills, remember that consistent training is the key to operational effectiveness at night. According to H.John Poole’s research, during WWII, the Japanese fought many battles at night and when pitted man for man, outfought the American GI in the dark (what saved our guys was an abundance of flares and high volume suppression fire). The Japanese obviously practiced all their tactics in both daylight and darkness, with various modifications due to the changes one faces at night. But again, the first thing they had to achieve was how to see at night.

Let’s start with some Night Vision facts:

Human Eye Limitations

– Retinal Neuroreceptors: The human eye only has two – rods and cones. Rods are on the periphery and cones are in the center (fovea). Both are photoreceptors (neuroreceptors) that ‘fire’ when light hits the appropriate cell. With sufficent illumination, the cones process the image and gives us depth perception, fine detail and color, or ‘photopic vision’. Remember that only the very center of the fovea provides 20/20 vision — a bit off center and you’re out to 20/70!

– Rods take over in low light and provide peripheral vision, which are the cells that detect movement or threats. No detail, depth, or color is provided by them. This is why we have a hard time achieving detailed visual information in low light. This is called ‘scotopic vision’ and uses rods only.

– When the eye is able to use photopic and scotopic vision together in low light or various degress of darkness, it’s called ‘mesopic vision’ and is what your eyes measure on a moonlit or bright, starry night.

– As age progresses, the iris becomes less flexible and able to adapt to darkness (this truly sucks!). Caffiene, nicotine, and alcohol restrict blood flow to the eyes and further reduce the ability to detect movement or detail in low light or darkness.

Night Vision Development Requirements

– Time: It takes from 10 to 45 minutes to develop from 10 to 80% night vision capabilities. The last 20% takes hours or days, sometimes even a week of full darkness.

– Visual Purple Manufacture: Rhodopsin, or ‘visual purple’ has to be manufactured by the eye, and and is broken down very quickly by light….any light. It doesn’t take long for the visual purple to break down, either..half a second or slightly more.

How to Maximize Visual Purple Development

– Get the right amounts of Vitamin A in your diet. Lutein, 20mg per day, as a supplement will also help. Vitamin A or its precursor, Betacarotene is essential for visual purple.

– Green, leafy things eaten, followed by vegatables with an orange color (indicator of beta carotene content) including sweet peppers and carrots. Caution: Too much Vitamin A can be toxic, so make sure you get yours from vegatables if at all possible rather than supplements.

– Fitness – yes, here’s that dead horse again – Regular, vigorous exercise helps the eyes stay healthy. Don’t bitch….just do it.

– Quit smoking. Nicotine diminishes your ability to develop visual purple and subsequently see in the dark signficantly!

– Keep your blood sugar level as even as possible. Choose frequent small meals over large meals.

– Use dark neutral gray sunglasses that pass no more than 15% light in full sun in the daytime if the situation permits.

Next time….What kind of light to use in the dark and other related information…


Mosby provides practical insight on learning to run your chosen platform in real-world conditions.

Part I:

Part II:

Part III:

DTG developed a target to help folks learn the method when a ‘square range’ is the only alternative available. Feel free to download and use! It’s best employed with one shooter and one coach. Useful information is on the target itself. Should be printed on an 11X17

No Default Response Drill – ND

Effective Training Preparation

Make no mistake:  Anyone wishing to learn small unit tactics or survival or land navigation or any one of a myriad of skills that come in handy in a WROL/SHTF situation must actually go out into the field and to complete the learning process.  Otherwise, the skills pursued almost always never get to a level of effective performance.  Then, once gained, if they are not practiced regularly, they will start to deteriorate.  If you don’t use them, you will, over time, lose them.

That’s not to say, though, that you shouldn’t prepare to train.  You should.  One very effective way is to read and comprehend various sources of information on the subject you’ve chosen.  One of the positive benefits of the web is the many blogs out there for you to choose from.  There are also ‘faction’ novels, manuals, historical descriptions, videos, and forums all focused on skills you may wish to learn, and these are a great source of information, so long as you filter them a bit, as not every one of them provides information objectively or accurately.  It is truly a case of, ‘Buyer Beware!’

You can also streamline your learning curve if you match what’s available to your personal learning style.  People generally fall into three categeories of learning:  Visual, Auditory, and Touch.  Some folks learn through a combination of two or all, but everyone typically has a primary style.  So, take a moment and reflect on the best subjects or skills you’ve learned and how they were presented.  This should give you an indication of your own primary learning style.

Visual learners, those who best learn watching someone perform, can get their foundation through video presentations or watching demonstrations of the skill or task.

Auditory learners can listen to pod casts or lectures or watch video presentations.

People who learn best by touch don’t have to wait until they get into a class before they start; they can read or watch descriptions and then mimic the performance as closely as they can prior to starting the training.  Take compass reading for example.  Getting a lensatic compass and following along a slide or video presentation on how to properly hold the compass or measure an azimuth and doing while watching will put the person a step ahead when he or she attends the class.

The bottom line is this:  whichever method works best for you is what should be used to prepare for training in the field.   I’m a reader, so before I go into the field either to learn or teach, I re-read various lesson plans, books, manuals or other source documents that refresh my knowledge level so that when I’m in the field, I can spend more time demonstrating and helping participants learn proper application of the skill we’re dealing with.

Also, don’t minimize the importance of evaluating the source of the information you’re using to prepare for your training, either!  Long recognized authoritative sources are the best, backed up by contemporary accounts of source evaluation.  Beware of information sources that diminishes others by name or inferences in order to build their own credibility.  Beware of sources that get you to focus on the pedigree (certifications, experience) over training objectives and how the subject is covered.  Pedigress are great, but really only provide an indication that the source may have good information or training to offer. The pedigree may not indicate wheterh the training offered is what the participant is able to successfully complete or is actually what is being sought.

Whatever you do, don’t make the mistake of thinking you can read a book or manual, watch a video, or discuss a subject on a forum somewhere and actually learn the subject.  You might become familiar with it, but that’s about all.  Extremely rare is the person who can actually perform a series of tasks without practice under a competent instructor.

Training the Trainer – 16 – 18 May 2014

Field training

DTG will hold an introductory ‘Train the Trainer’ course for small teams over three days. A family and/or neighborhood protection team development will be the focus of methodology presented.  Classes will be taught in a primitive field environment weather notwithstanding. Subjects covered will include:

– Living in the Field (Primitive Skills Familiarization and Position Fortification)- all adaptable to initial reaction for grid down during inclement weather)
– TC3
– Individual Movement & Camouflage Techniques
– Team/Group Movement & Basic Patrolling
– Concepts and Principles of Site Defense
– Nighttime Operating Fundamentals
– Concepts and Principles of Effective Leadership
– Fundamentals of Instruction
– Practice Teaching Preparation and Presentation in a field environment

Course Objective: Each participant will be taught basic requirements necessary to operate in, instruct, and then lead a four to six person team in a SHTF environment.  Think “Neighborhood Protection Team” or “Family Security Group.”

Participants will be out of doors for the entire course and be provided 5 MRE’s (equates to 1.5 fortified meals per day) and 1 gallon of potable water. Additional water needed may be had from natural water sources.

Participants may use their personal pack list or request a recommended list from DTG. All items brought in by participants will be carried by participants in their rucks.

It is highly recommended that attendees be in the best shape their bodies and/or medical conditions allow.   While this course allows for all levels of fitness, living outside (sleeping, eating, training) can be exhausting.  It is our intention to ensure each student gets the most out of the class; fitness helps this occur.

Arrival time between 1600 and 2000 on 15 May with course conclusion late morning of 18 May.

Cost: $500; 50% deposit required.

Maximum Class Size:  12 participants

Course syllabus provided to confirmed registrants. For specific information on registration confirmation, send an email to:, subjectd line: Train the Trainer Course Registration

This is being posted now so that interested parties have more than adequate time to plan.

PT Challenge – Warrior 5000

push up

That’s 5,000 pushups between tomorrow morning and Christmas day.  Works out to about 102 or so [math error corrected, thanks to a commenter], a day, every day, 7 days a week, depending on when you start, per day.  Honor system.

Here’s the specifics:

Got what it takes?

I start mine tomorrow morning….130 for the first day (behavior correction for math error).  5 sets of 26 throughout the day, wide grip.  Yeah, I know, that’s actually 130, but who cares.  I’ll just get there by Christmas Eve…maybe.

Update: To date, 3,500 done, up to 100 – 200 a day, depending on schedule and how I feel. How are you doing?