Monthly Archives: April 2013

Heresy: An Introduction to Combat Riflecraft

Heresy: An Introduction to Combat Riflecraft

Mosby gives it to the reader straight.  He’s running classes this June somewhere in the East; his price is well worth the experience and knowledge you’ll gain.

DTG recommends his training for the simple reason that his level of expertise is rarely available and should be pursued if at all possible.

Primitive Adaptation Skills – 1: UPDATE #2

Based upon interest, we’ve opened up 4 more slots for the upcoming May class.  Interested?  Send us a note so we can confirm your slot.

Details here:  https://defensivetraininggroup.wordpress.com/2013/04/08/primitive-adaptation-skills-desired-learning-outcome-class-preview/

Link

Train As You Fight

American Mercenary provides thoughtful insight on what happens at the range with equipment you haven’t become very, very familar with.  Make sure to read the comments.

Walk, Run, Fly…

We’ve had a few questions as of late, thanks to WRSA’s (http://westernrifleshooters.wordpress.com/) mention of our upcoming Primitive Adaptation Skills – 1 class on 18 May, most of which fall in the category of: “Are you going to have some tactics classes?”

Short answer: Yes.

DTG staff decided to hold the PAS-1 seminar first, because long experience teaches that if one cannot keep oneself out of the elements (warm & dry), hydrated, and rested, tactical knowledge doesn’t really matter that much, all things being equal, because of the relatively fast deterioration of strength, motor skills, and thought process of the man/woman in a SHTF situation without adequate shelter, water, and rest.

We chose to start with what we believe is ‘the’ cornerstone of a good foundation: PAS-1. It’s the ‘walk’ stage.

The beginner as well those who’ve not had any ‘hands on’ for some time are taken through the basics in a relatively adverse environment for a short time (approximately 30 hours). Enough time to get a good feel for what needs to be mastered and a short enough time that work days aren’t lost.

The ‘run’ stage will start with the offering of Basic Individual Skills and SUT; yet another cornerstone of skill mastery. IS/SUT will consist of various day-long or multi-day training sessions (with PAS application requirements).

Should we offer IS/SUT soon? Only you have the answer.

Random Thoughts on Preparedness Activities

Rucksack Quality Time – Make sure you spend some ‘quality time’ with your ruck.  That means walking increasingly longer distances in increasingly faster time as you increase your core strength.  Make sure you don’t have any attention getting items strapped to the outside of the ruck if you’re walking in built up urban or suburban areas.  Smooth is the way to go.  Try to get to a 15 minute mile with your ruck on.

Dead Horse Beating for Fun and Profit – Here’s the ‘dead horse’ we’ll continue to beat:  Personal strength and fitness training.  You don’t need a gym membership, you don’t need much of anything but a floor space and maybe a folding chair or two to help you get in very, very good physical condtion.  Your ruck can help you also (more on that in a minute…).  The best exercise you can start with is strict form pushups.  Just do it, but don’t over-do it.  If you can only do one, fine, but do it.  Walk.  Without your ruck if you’re not in shape, and only to the end of your driveway and back if that’s what it takes, but do it.  Here’s an exercise you can do with your loaded ruck that will work on core strength in the comfort of your own home:  Strap your ruck on, complete with the kidney belt fastened, just like you would if you were going to GOOD.  Now, as you extend one leg back as far as you can comfortably go (say the right leg) while bending the opposite leg at the knee, reach with your right hand (because you extended the right leg behind you) for the toe of the stationary foot (in the example it’d be the left foot).  Once you come close or touch it, stand up and repeat with the opposite leg.  It’s akin to exercises that skaters do when not on the ice.  If touching the toe is too hard, try this modification:  As you extend the right foot rearward, extend the left hand while you’re bending as if you were reaching for something.  Stay there just a second, come up, and repeat with the other side.  Try to get 5 reps out on each side as a start.  It  works your balance, your back, your abs and your legs.

Random Truth – Pistols are for surprises; if you know there’s a problem, bring your rifle.

Rifle Quality Time – Try to spend eight hours every now and then with your chosen rifle strapped to you.   The time to get used to it being part of you is before an emergency.

Over-confidence –  Reading, watching DVD’s, going to seminars on a particular subjectd are all superb ways to become familiar with a subject or skill.  The problem is that if you don’t practice what you’ve learned, you might become over-confident and find that you can’t perform near the level you thought you might when a particular skill performance really counts.  You can always practice something ‘one more time’ and you’ve never, ever ‘trained enough.’

Random Truth #2 – The man or woman who knows their weapons and equipment inside and out from spending great amounts of time with them even though the equipment is less than ‘top shelf’ will do much better than the person with all the ‘bells and whistles’ who likes to stare lovingly at his or her equipment and hates to get it dirty.

Equipment Care and Use – Buy the best you can afford.  Then, after making sure it’s clean and dry, treat it with a water repellant like ‘Camp Dry’.  Let it cure, and then use it.  Get it dirty.  Don’t treat it like it’s made of glass.  Get to know it so well that you don’t need to look while you adjust it.  And then, when you come back from training, let it dry, and then clean and repack it.

Weapons and ammo – How many can you carry?  How much ammo?  Have a plan on what you’ll do with your extras should things ‘Go South’.   The truth of the matter is that you can effectively shoot only one weapon at a time, whether it be a pistol, rifle, or shotgun.  If you want all three capabilities, you have to carry all three.  Work that into your planning and practice doing it.

Boots – Don’t scrimp.  Get the best you can afford.  Go all ‘Wally World’ when you buy your boots to save a buck and your feet will pay the price later.  Take care of your feet.  Buy good socks.  Keep four pair minimum in your ruck (DTG recommends six pair, but we sometimes over pack).  Consider buying your boots a half-size larger to allow for swelling when on your feet for a long time.  It’ll help keep them warm in cool or cold weather.  Snow Seal is your friend.

Primitive Adaptation Skills – 1: UPDATE

On 18 May 2013, DTG will offer Basic Primitive Adaptation Skills class. Participants will be able to perform/discuss the below listed skills upon completion of the seminar. The class will begin at 7:00am Saturday morning and conclude the following Sunday afternoon at 1:00pm. Participants will be living what they learn for approximately 30 hours.

Lesson Objective & Performance Requirement: Given the concepts and principles of basic Primitive Adaptation Skills on shelter construction, fire starting, camouflage, water purification, and available rations discipline, each participant will be able to successfully perform the skills taught with minimal equipment, food and water.

Subjects Covered:

􀂄 The survival “Rule of Threes” and personal “Survival Strategy”
􀂄 Natural Insulation
􀂄 Improvised sleeping bags & shelters
􀂄 Fire building
􀂄 Water collection & purification
􀂄 Survival Kit Contents
􀂄 Survival Weapons
􀂄 Personal and Shelter Camouflage techniques
􀂄 PAS Skills Practicum
􀂄 Bonus: Latrine Siting & Practical Hygiene

Class size is limited to 12 participants; Cost: $200 per person

Interested parties please drop of note of inquiry to the DTG email address, Subject Line: PAS Class Registration.

Note: If the registration trend continues, we’ll add up to six more slots.

Preparedness Basics: Water

Water is the second cornerstone of all the building blocks within the world of preparedness and survival, and is right next to the air we breathe in importance. Water is more important than food, because we can last longer with a good supply of water and little food than we can with little to no water and a good supply of food.

To that end, it’s important from time to time to revisit the importance of planning for the supply, purification, and amount of water needed for each person in your family or team. It’s really not that difficult to prep a good water supply that will last through most situations when remaining in place, and the purification tools available are relatively cheap on average, and only basic information is necessary to properly purify water for human consumption.

Water that’s not purified, or ‘non-potable’ water, such as captured rain water, is useful for hygiene (so long as it’s not ingested) and saves the purification agent used for water to be consumed. Be careful, though, in warm weather, to keep saved rain water covered to minimize parasite growth.

A good rule of thumb for storing water is to obtain several six to ten gallon water jugs with spigots, such as those used for camping. They are very reasonably priced, and when determining how many to get, simply having one or two per person in the home is usually sufficient for most disaster/emergency conditions not expected to last more than a week or ten days.

If using bleach to purify water, the bleach must be unscented, uncolored, with no additives whatsoever. Then, 8 drops of bleach per gallong of clear water; 16 drops of bleach for cloudy water. After adding the bleach, let it sit for 30 minutes or so.

When you purchase your containers, take a quarter cup of bleach, add it to the container, and fill about 1/4 with tap water. Shake the container so that the heavy bleach mixture gets into any small crevice, and drain. allow to dry thoroughly before adding more water for storage, and you have disinfected your container of any possible pathogen or vector larvae.

When you fill your containers, fill as completely as possible in order to have as little air as possible in the container. It should be understood that the person filling the containers should have disinfected their hands as well as the working area (such as a mud sink or the head of the hose or spigot) used to fill the containers. Once the water container is sealed with as little air as possible, store the water in a cool, dry, place not exposed to direct sunlight. The water will last for years. If you’re anxious about it and don’t trust the water, change it out every six to nine months and use the old water to water your garden or house plants or to wash the family dog. DTG experiments have included drinking water stored for well over a year with no adverse affects when treated and stored as described.

If you want better water from your city system, or your well, you can purchase a variety of water filters/purifiers that range in price from very inexpensive to very expensive. Just as anything else, you get what you pay for, so buyer beware. Listed below are a few that DTG has experience with and recommends:

http://zerowater.com/ The Zero Water system costs under $80 for it’s gravity fed filtration system and removes everything but water from the water. DTG staff use this in their homes and reports are all positive.

http://www.berkeyfilters.com/ The Berkey models are on par with the Zero Water, and have a full range of gravity systems that can range into a few hundred dollars. There are also web sites that demonstrate using the Berkey filter elements to make an ‘on the cheap’ model that will work fine, however ‘rustic’ it may look in the kitchen.

Lifesaver Systems ‘lifesaver bottle’ and ‘life saver jerry can’ are also very, very good systems when mobility is a concern. Check them out at http://www.lifesaversystems.com/water-purification-systems (you can also order anything they sell on Amazon if you prefer).

There are many more water systems on the market, some less expensive; some unbelievably high in price; the objectdive is having good, potable water to see you and yours through an emergency. Planning now will ensure you have something that will become priceless in a disaster situation.

How We Train

DTG trains to operate from the bottom up rather than the top down. This means that once each participant reaches a certain level of expertise in basic skill sets and can or has demonstrated such, he should have a say in how the team develops its “play book” for various scenarios.

We believe the fundamental building block of any team at its most basic level is the “buddy team” (BT) of two people. The BT helps to cement the lessons learned in basic skill set training through responsibility and accountability reciprocally between the partners. All things being equal, the relationship developed through the growth of personal and team loyalty will minimize the need for an autocratic leader within it.

To survive and thrive, small groups cannot train in the same manner that standard organizations (which have long supply chains and top heavy infrastructure and a seemingly neverending stream of replacements) do. In fact, the training philosophy must be diametrically opposed from standard military-type supply chain and rank structure dependent organizations in order to be effective.

DTG believes the man on the ground sees the situation much better than an overall ‘commander’, or mid-level command in most tactical or SHTF scenarios. Since ‘command’ cannot see what the man on the ground sees, the best way to ensure success is to support him by to teaching and encouraging initiative and developing trust to help ensure the ‘commander’s intent’ is realized. All ‘t’s’ are crossed or ‘I’s’ might not be crossed or dotted, but the intent of the mission will have been met or exceeded. In essence, DTG believes in teaching trainees how to think instead of what to think. This approach also lends itself to decreased reaction time in OODA loop employment.

DTG doctrine also allows for ‘Basics’ instruction. Depending on task maturity levels possessed, all participants are evaluated to see what they can do and how well they can do it. Once the new person or team demonstrates their mastery of ‘the basics’, his or their thought processes are addressed by encouraging participation in ‘play’ development, evaluation, and modification.

Attrition based ideas such as “no retreat” are shelved and replaced with “situational flexibility”, or “drawing an opponent into a trap”, for example. Adaptability to the situation, terrain, mission changes, OPFOR activities, etc are all brought to the fore, and each member of the Buddy Team, Fire Team, and Squad are encouraged to begin to think in terms of initiative, cunning, and deception of the opposition. Self-discipline is key, and leads to voluntary subordination to the ‘commander’s intent’ by all members of the team, whether it’s a buddy team or a full squad-sized group.

The final objective of ‘bottom up’ structuring and training is to develop a self-sufficient team, from a single buddy team to a squad-sized group.